Claude Debussy

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Deb

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Short Bio

I'm French, I love hats. In 1889, at the Paris Exposition Universelle, Debussy first heard Javanese gamelan music. The gamelan scales, melodies, rhythms, and ensemble textures appealed to him, and echoes of them are heard in "Pagodes" in his piano suite Estampes.[40] He also attended two concerts of Rimsky-Korsakov's music, conducted by the composer.[41] This too made an impression on him, and its harmonic freedom and non-Teutonic tone colours influenced his own developing musical style.[42][n 7]

Famous pieces

  • Clair de lune
  • La mer
  • Rêverie
  • Suite bergamasque
  • Children's Corner
  • Clair de lune
  • La mer
  • Rêverie
  • Suite bergamasque
  • Children's Corner

People

Debussy

knows

Fun facts

  • Tchaikovsky didn't appericiate Debussy's Danse bohémienne as he thought it was "Too short... Not a single idea is expressed fully, the form is terribly shriveled, and it lacks unity."
  • Won the Prix de Rome
  • Suite bergamasque was inspired by a poem written by French poet Paul Verlaine
  • Tchaikovsky didn't appericiate Debussy's Danse bohémienne as he thought it was "Too short... Not a single idea is expressed fully, the form is terribly shriveled, and it lacks unity."
  • Won the Prix de Rome
  • Suite bergamasque was inspired by a poem written by French poet Paul Verlaine

Musical styles

In 1889, at the Paris Exposition Universelle, Debussy first heard Javanese gamelan music. The gamelan scales, melodies, rhythms, and ensemble textures appealed to him, and echoes of them are heard in "Pagodes" in his piano suite Estampes.[40] He also attended two concerts of Rimsky-Korsakov's music, conducted by the composer.[41] This too made an impression on him, and its harmonic freedom and non-Teutonic tone colours influenced his own developing musical style.[42][n 7]

Marie Vasnier ended her liaison with Debussy soon after his final return from Rome, although they remained on good enough terms for him to dedicate to her one more song, "Mandoline", in 1890.[44] Later in 1890 Debussy met Erik Satie, who proved a kindred spirit in his experimental approach to composition. Both were bohemians, enjoying the same café society and struggling to survive financially.[45] In the same year Debussy began a relationship with Gabrielle (Gaby) Dupont, a tailor's daughter from Lisieux; in July 1893 they began living together.[41]

Debussy continued to compose songs, piano pieces and other works, some of which were publicly performed, but his music made only a modest impact, although his fellow composers recognised his potential by electing him to the committee of the Société Nationale de Musique in 1893.[41] His String Quartet was premiered by the Ysaÿe string quartet at the Société Nationale in the same year. In May 1893 Debussy attended a theatrical event that was of key importance to his later career – the premiere of Maurice Maeterlinck's play Pelléas et Mélisande, which he immediately determined to turn into an opera.[41] He travelled to Maeterlinck's home in Ghent in November to secure his consent to an operatic adaptation.[41]

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